56 Palestinian Children Killed by Israeli
Occupation Soldiers in 2018
January 2, 2019
While brutal force has been used to create Zionist Israel and sustain
it thus far, Zionist claims to Palestine are false. Actually, from the
five thousand years of known written history, there has been a
continuous Palestinian-Canaanite presence in the Holy Land. Despite the
Zionist false claims, the ancient Israelites ruled part of the land for
only 85 years (during the reign of David, Solomon, and Solomon's son).
After that, the Egyptians conquered Palestine-Canaan in 925 BC,
followed by Assyrians, Babylonians, Persians, Greeks, and Romans, before
the Arab Muslim rule, starting from 636 AD.
By the Time Jesus started his mission, the three population groups of
Canaanites, Palestinians, and Israelites were melted together in
religion and language. Most of them became Christians when Constantine
converted in 313 AD. Then, most of them became Muslims in the 7th and
8th centuries AD.
So, Palestinian Muslims, Christians, and Jews are the ones who have
the right to claim descent from ancient Israelites, Palestinians, and
Canaanites, not Zionists from other continents.
The following news stories are just examples
of the Israeli occupation government violations of Palestinian human
rights, on daily basis.
Palestinian children stand near the ruins of
the building where Al Aqsa channel was located
and which was targeted the night before by an
Israeli airstrike, Gaza City, November 13, 2018.
(Photo: ActiveStills / Mohammad Zaanoun)
Israeli forces continued to kill Palestinian
children at an average pace exceeding one child
per week in 2018. At the bitter close of 52
weeks, 56 Palestinian children were dead due to
Israeli occupation forces’ actions.
12/31/18 Defense for Children
International – Palestine (DCIP)
More than one child killed per week
Ramallah, December 31, 2018—The
year 2018 was one of deep valleys and few
peaks for Palestinian children. Within three
days of of ringing in the new year, Israeli
forces shot 16-year-old Palestinian Musab
Tamimi in the neck during Ramallah-area
clashes, killing him, in a violent start to
Israeli forces continued to kill
Palestinian children at an average pace
exceeding one child per week in 2018. At the
bitter close of 52 weeks, 56 Palestinian
children were dead due to Israeli forces’
actions. One child who reportedly carried
out a fatal attack in a settlement was also
killed by an Israeli settler.
The two most recent child fatalities took
place between December 20 and 21. Israeli
forces shot and killed Mohammad Muin Khalil
Jahjouh, 16, during “Great March of Return”
protests near the perimeter fence east of
Gaza City on December 21 around 4 pm.
Mohammad sustained a gunshot wound to the
neck and died shortly after in Shifa
hospital, Gaza City.
“I heard the scream of someone who was
about five meters [16 feet] behind me. I
turned my back to see what was happening,
when I saw a 16-year-old boy lying on the
ground with blood running from his neck to
his chest,” a journalist who was
photographing the protest told Defense for
Children International – Palestine.
The witness said that Mohammad was
standing approximately 150 meters (492 feet)
away from the perimeter fence, and some 80
meters (262 feet) away from a group of
protestors who were throwing stones at
Israeli soldiers stationed on the other side
of the perimeter fence when he was shot.
Around 9 p.m. on December 20, Israeli
forces fired at a car traveling on a road
near Beit El settlement, located near the
Palestinian city of Ramallah in the central
West Bank. A live bullet entered the car,
striking Qassim Mohammed Ali al-Abbasi, 17,
in the back and killing him, based on DCIP’s
An eyewitness told DCIP that Qassim and
some friends were travelling from his
residence in the East Jerusalem neighborhood
of Silwan to Nablus when their vehicle came
under heavy shooting. When an Israeli
military jeep pulled them over, the witness
realized that Qassim was unconscious.
Paramedics who arrived on the scene found no
pulse and declared the child dead.
Also among this year’s child fatalities
was Gaza City resident Mohammad
Naser Ziad al-Reefi, 13, who suffered a
spinal cord injury from an Israeli
drone-fired missile strike in 2014. The same
strike also killed his twin brother and four
other family members. Mohammad succumbed to
his wounds November 3, in a central Gaza
Bringing the total number of Palestinian
children killed by Israeli soldiers or
settlers in 2018 up to 57 was 17-year-old
Mohammad Tarek Ibrahim Dar Yousef. An
Israeli settler killed Mohammad after the
boy reportedly carried out a fatal stabbing
attack in the illegal Israeli settlement of
Geva Binyamin in the central West Bank on
July 26, 2018.
The vast majority of the fatalities, 86
percent, took place in the Gaza Strip. Of
these, 46 children were killed by Israeli
forces since March 30, often in the context
of the “Great March of Return” protests and
related activities. This number includes
Yasser Sabri Abu Abed who was struck by
bullet fragments on December 7 while in his
father’s arms, dying four days later.
Live ammunition accounted for 73 percent
of the total child fatalities. In a number
of cases, DCIP found no evidence that
children presented a direct, mortal threat
at the time that Israeli forces employed
lethal force against them.
In one such instance, on April 20, an
Israeli sniper stationed on sand hill on
other side of separation fence shot Mohammad
Ibrahim Ayoub, 14, in the head while he
was between 70-200 meters (230-656 feet)
from the fence. A witness told DCIP that
Mohammad was attempting to run away from
tear gas at the time he was shot.
Israeli forces shot 16-year-old Ahmad
Misbah Abu Tyour in the foot on September 7
in Rafah and he succumbed to his wounds the
following day. Video
footage of the incident suggests he
posed no threat when he was targeted with
intentional lethal force.
Under international law, lethal force may
only be used as a last resort in
circumstances where an individual poses an
immediate threat to life or threat of
serious injury. Despite this, accountability
is extremely rare in cases where Israeli
forces are accused of committing crimes
against Palestinian children.
Crowd control weapons proved lethal for
four children who died after being struck by
tear gas canisters or rubber-coated metal
bullets. Crowd control weapons can carry
deadly force when they strike children,
particularly at close range or on the upper
In addition to fatalities, DCIP
documented a spike in the number of severe
injuries to children across the Occupied
Palestinian Territory (OPT). In 2018, DCIP
documented at least 183 child injuries at
the hands of Israeli forces, with 130 of
these taking place in the Gaza Strip. Of
critical concern are 19 children who
suffered permanent disability as a result of
The “Great March of Return”
The “Great March of Return”
demonstrations began on March 30, 2018 in
protest of Palestinian refugees’ inability
to return to properties lost during events
surrounding the establishment of the state
of Israel in 1948. Approximately 70 percent
of the Gaza Strip’s current 2 million
residents are registered refugees of
Palestine, according to UNRWA.
In addition to the right of return,
demonstrators are calling for an end to
Israel’s air, land and sea blockade against
the Gaza Strip, now in its 11th year. The
blockade cuts the Gaza Strip off from the
rest of the OPT and is one of the principal
causes of the current dire humanitarian
These mass protests, which have taken
place weekly in the area along the
Israeli-installed perimeter fence or near
the Mediterranean shore, have drawn large
and diverse crowds, including women,
children, and elderly people.
Protestors’ activities have involved
erecting supporter tent encampments,
peaceful gatherings or marches to the
perimeter fence or shore, displaying signs
and Palestinian flags, burning tires,
efforts to pass through the perimeter fence
on foot or the Israeli-enforced “no go
zones” at sea on fishing boats, launching
incendiary balloons across the perimeter
fence, and throwing stones, molotov
cocktails, firebombs or other objects toward
the perimeter fence.
(Top): Palestinian protesters evacuate
an injured boy suffocating from tear gas ,
east of Gaza City, Gaza Strip, November 2,
2018. (Photo: ActiveStills / Mohammed
Zaanoun) (Bottom Left): Palestinian youths
and protesters sit together around a fire as
they seek shelter from the rain, during a
demonstration near the border with Israel
east of Gaza city on December 28, 2018.
(Photo: AFP / Mahmud Hams) (Bottom Right):
Palestinian protesters gather together under
a plastic rain-cover during a demonstration
near the border with Israel east of Gaza
city on December 28, 2018. (Photo: AFP /
Some civilians have developed other
protest strategies such as the “night
confusion unit” whose goal is to create
distractions for Israeli forces late at
night with loud sounds and fireworks.
Another group has self-organized to
construct large kites with flaming tales to
be flown across the perimeter fence in order
to start fires in Israeli agricultural
fields and forests.
Based on DCIP’s research and as confirmed
by other human rights groups, the protests
are organized independently by civilians,
and not by directives of the Hamas-led
government in the Gaza Strip.
Protests continued after the opening of
the U.S. Embassy to Jerusalem in May 2018, a
move that was widely censured by global
Each week, the protests have been met by
a harsh Israeli response marked by an
excessive use of force against unarmed
civilians of all ages. In addition to tear
gas and other crowd control weapons, Israeli
forces stationed in armored vehicles on the
Israeli side of the perimeter fence have
frequently employing live ammunition against
“The large number of casualties among
unarmed Palestinian demonstrators, including
a high percentage of demonstrators hit by
live ammunition, has raised concerns about
excessive use of force by Israeli troops,”
the UN Office for the Coordination of
Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA) stated.
Palestinian children detained by the Israeli
In 2018, DCIP documented 120 Palestinian
child detention cases from the West
Bank. More than half of the children
arrested by Israeli forces whose cases DCIP
documented reported experiencing verbal
abuse, threats, humiliation or intimidation.
The vast majority, over 75 percent, said
they were physically abused during the
course of their detention.
While under pre-trial detention, Israeli
forces placed 22 children in isolation for a
period of 48 hours or more. The longest
period of isolation that DCIP documented in
2018 was 30 days.
Since 1967, Israel has operated two
separate legal systems in the same
territory. In the occupied West Bank,
Israeli settlers are subject to the civilian
and criminal legal system whereas
Palestinians live under military law.
Israel applies civilian criminal law to
Palestinian children in East Jerusalem. No
Israeli child comes into contact with the
Israel has the dubious distinction of
being the only country in the world that
systematically prosecutes an approximately
700 children each year in military
courts lacking fundamental fair trial
rights. Children within the Israeli military
system commonly report physical and verbal
abuse from the moment of their arrest, and
coercion and threats during interrogations.
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